Latin American studies
Latin American studies (LAS) is an academic and research field associated with the study of Latin America. The interdisciplinary study is a subfield of area studies, and can be composed of numerous disciplines such as economics, sociology, history, international relations, political science, geography, gender studies, and literature.
Latin American studies critically examines the history, culture, international relations, and politics, of Latin America. It is not to be confused with Latino Studies, an academic discipline which studies the experience of people of Hispanic ancestry in the United States.
Latin Americanists consider a variety of perspectives and employ diverse research tools in their work. The interdisciplinary disciplines of study varies, depending on the school, association, and academic program. For example, the Latin American Centre of the School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies (SIAS) at the University of Oxford heavily focuses on the social sciences, such as the economics, politics, and development of the region. On the other hand, schools like Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies (LLILAS) at The University of Texas at Austin, focus on the humanities; with the language, culture, and history of Latin America as a central component. Others include the study of environment and ecology of the region.
Latin American studies is usually quite open and often includes or is closely associated with, for instance, Development studies, Geography, Anthropology, Caribbean studies, and Transatlantic studies.
Latin America has been studied in one way or another ever since Columbus's voyage of 1492. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, scientist explorers such as Alexander von Humboldt published extensively about the region. Towards the end of the nineteenth century and at the turn of the twentieth, within the region itself writers such as José Martí and José Enrique Rodó千亿体育官网 encouraged a consciousness of regional identity.
In 1875, the International Congress of Americanists held its first meeting in Nancy, France, and has met regularly ever since, alternating between venues in Europe and in the Western hemisphere. However, unlike the scholarly organizations of the twentieth century, the ICA does not have an ongoing organization, nor is there a journal of the ICA. The creation of formal and ongoing scholarly organizations focusing on Latin America is a product of the twentieth century.
In the US, historians with an interest in Latin American history within the American Historical Association created a group focusing on Latin America. In 1918, they founded The Hispanic American Historical Review, which has published quarterly since that time and has built a reputation as one of the premier scholarly journals. The Latin Americanists within the AHA created the Conference on Latin American History in 1926, which is now separately incorporated (since 1964), but continues to coordinate its annual meetings with the American Historical Association. In 1936, US Latin Americanists also founded the Handbook of Latin American Studies, with editorial offices in the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress. In a pre-digital era, the compilation of annotated bibliographic references in the humanities and social science organized by subject and country was a vital tool for scholars in the field. In 1954 was founded in Paris the Institute of Latin American Studies (IHEAL), by the geographer Pierre Monbeig.
With the Cuban Revolution of 1959, the US government began seriously focusing on Latin America as Cuba and the hemisphere was seen to be an integral element of Cold War politics. The Latin American historian who wrote the early history of the founding of the Latin American Studies Association wryly suggested in 1966 that at some future date Latin Americanists should erect a statue to Fidel Castro, the "remote godfather" of the field, who instigated a renewed US interest in the region.
Interest in Latin American studies increased starting in the 1950s. In the US, Latin American studies (like other area studies) was boosted by the passing of Title VI of the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) of 1958, which provided resources for Centers of Area and International Studies. In the UK, the 1965 "Parry Report" provided similar impetus for the establishment of Institutes and Centres of Latin American Studies at Oxford, London, Cambridge, and Liverpool. In Canada, York University in Toronto established the first Latin American center, "in part thanks to the inflow of exiled intellectuals from South America." Germany's Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut in Berlin had been founded in 1930, but not until the 1970s did it experience expansion.
- Brazilian Studies Association
- Conference on Latin American History (CLAH)
- Canadian Association for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (founded 1969)
- Latin American Studies Association (US, founded 1966)
- Mid-Atlantic Council of Latin American Studies (US, founded 1979)
- Pacific Coast Council of Latin American Studies (PCCLAS) (US)
- Rocky Mountain Council for Latin American Studies (RMCLAS) (US, founded 1954)
- Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials (SALALM), established 1967
- Society for Irish Latin American Studies (Ireland, founded 2003)
- Society for Latin American Studies (UK), established 1964
- Southeast Council of Latin American Studies (US, founded 1953)
- Handbook of Latin American Studies, established 1936
- Hispanic American Periodicals Index (HAPI)
- The Americas, established 1944
- Bulletin of Latin American Research, established 1981
- Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, established 1976
- Colonial Latin American Historical Review, established 1992
- Colonial Latin American Review, established 1992
- European Review of Latin American & Caribbean Studies
- The Hispanic American Historical Review, established 1918, published by Conference on Latin American History
- Historia Mexicana, established 1951
- Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs
- Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, established 1996
- Journal of Latin American Studies established 1969
- Journal of Politics in Latin America
- Latin American Perspectives, established in 1974
- Latin American Politics and Society
- Latin American Research Review (published by the Latin American Studies Association)
- The Latin Americanist," published by Wiley-Blackwell and the Southeast Council of Latin American Studies
- Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos, established 1985
- NACLA Report on the Americas
- Ñawpa Pacha, Journal of Andean Archaeology, established 1963
- , established in 1955
- at Stanford University
- Georgetown University School of Foreign Service,
- The University of Texas at Austin - , Austin, Texas
- , New York University
- , Columbia University
- , University of Cambridge
- , University of Oxford
- at Harvard University
- , University of Washington
- Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh
- The University of Michigan Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
- Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos, Mexico
- Latin America, Caribbean and US Latino Studies, University at Albany - State University of New York, Albany, New York
- , University of Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3.
- Ibero-American Institute, Berlin
- Institute of Latin American Studies, London
- University of Florida Center for Latin American Studies
- University of California, Los Angeles Latin American Center
- , University of Chicago
- University of California, Santa Barbara Latin American and Iberian Studies program
- Latin American Studies Division, CCUS&LAS, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
- Centre for Latin American Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Goa University, Panaji, Goa, India.
- at Tulane University
Research Libraries and Archives outside Latin America
- Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
- Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas Library, Austin, Texas
- Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris
- John Carter Brown Library, Providence, Rhode Island
- Center for Research Libraries
- Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, D.C.
- Hispanic Society of America, New York City
- Huntington Library, San Marino, California
- Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
- Newberry Library, Chicago
- Oliveira Lima Library, Catholic University, Washington, D.C.
- Tulane University Library, New Orleans, Louisiana
- University of Florida Library, Gainesville, Florida
- Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library, Santa Barbara CA
- British libraries.
Some notable Latin Americanists
See also Category:Latin Americanists
- Jeremy Adelman, historian
- Ida Altman, historian
- Nettie Lee Benson, historian
- Leslie Bethell, historian
- John Beverley
- Elizabeth Hill Boone, anthropologist
- Woodrow Borah, historian
- David Brading, historian
- Victor Bulmer-Thomas, historian
- Louise Burkhart, anthropologist
- Robert N. Burr, historian
- David Bushnell, historian
- David Carrasco, anthropologist
- Howard F. Cline, historian
- John Coatsworth, historian
- Antonio Cornejo Polar
- Daniel Cosío Villegas, historian
- Nigel Davies, historian and anthropologist
- Andrzej Dembicz, geographer
- Ariel Dorfman
- James Dunkerley
- Arturo Escobar
- Nancy Farriss, historian
- Ada Ferrer, historian
- Lillian Estelle Fisher, historian
- Albert Fishlow, economist
- John Foran, sociologist
- Jean Franco
- Néstor García Canclini
- Manuel Antonio Garretón
- Peter Gerhard, historical geographer
- Charles Gibson, historian
- Federico Gil
- Adolfo Gilly, historian
- Roberto González Echevarría
- Paul Gootenberg, historian
- Richard Graham, historian
- Greg Grandin,historian
- Andre Gunder Frank
- Tulio Halperín Donghi, historian
- Lewis Hanke, historian
- Clarence Haring, historian
- Doris Heyden, Mesoamericanist
- Albert O. Hirschman, economist
- Robin Humphreys, historian
- Daniel James, historian
- Friedrich Katz, historian
- Herbert S. Klein, historian, Stanford University
- Alan Knight, historian
- Enrique Krauze, historian
- George Kubler, historian
- Jacques Lafaye, historian
- Kris Lane, historian
- Neil Larsen
- Asunción Lavrin, historian
- Miguel León-Portilla, historian
- Irving A. Leonard, historian
- Oscar Lewis, anthropologist
- Edwin Lieuwen, historian
- James Lockhart, historian
- Claudio Lomnitz, anthropologist
- John Lynch, historian
- Murdo J. MacLeod, historian
- Florencia Mallon, historian
- Sylvia Molloy
- Alberto Moreiras
- Richard McGee Morse, historian
- June Nash, anthropologist
- Zelia Nuttall, anthropologist
- Guillermo O'Donnell
- J.H. Parry, historian
- Gustavo Pérez Firmat
- James Petras
- Stafford Poole, historian
- Philip Wayne Powell, historian
- Mary Louise Pratt, historian
- Ángel Rama,writer, literary critic
- Robert Redfield, anthropologist
- Andrés Reséndez, historian
- Darcy Ribeiro, Brazilian anthropologist
- Nelly Richard, cultural theorist
- David Rock, historian
- Riordan Roett, political scientist
- John Howland Rowe, anthropologist
- Beatriz Sarlo, literary and cultural critic
- Carl O. Sauer, historical geographer
- Linda Schele, anthropologist
- France Vinton Scholes, historian
- Stuart B. Schwartz historian
- Rebecca J. Scott, historian
- Patricia Seed, historian
- Donald Shaw, writer, literary critic
- Kalman H. Silvert first president of the Latin American Studies Association
- Thomas Skidmore, political scientist
- Peter H. Smith, historian and political scientist
- Alfred Stepan, political scientist
- William B. Taylor, historian
- Michael Taussig, anthropologist
- J. Eric S. Thompson, anthropologist
- Alain Touraine
- Ann Twinam, historian
- Victor L. Urquidi
- Arturo Valenzuela, political scientist
- Eric Van Young, historian
- Evon Vogt, anthropologist
- Charles Wagley, historian
- Robert Wauchope, archaeologist
- David J. Weber, historian
- Barbara Weinstein, historian
- Henry Wells, political scientist
- Eric Wolf, anthropologist
- John Womack, historian
- Peter Winn
- Leopoldo Zea, philosopher (Mexican)
- . www.lac.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- . liberalarts.utexas.edu. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- Howard F. Cline, "The Latin American Studies Association: A Summary Survey with Appendix," Latin American Research Review, Vol 2 No. 1, (Autumn, 1966) pp. 57-79.
- 2016-09-20 at the Wayback Machine accessed 13 August 2016.
- , accessed 15 November 2019.
- Howard F. Cline, "The Latin American Studies Association: A Summary Survey with Appendix," Latin American Research Review, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Autumn 1966), p. 64.
- José C. Moya,ed. The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History, New York: Oxford University Press 2011, p. viii.
- Moya, The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History, p. viii
- Moya, The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History, p. viii.
- Donald L. Gibbs, "The development of the literary holdings of the Benson Latin American Collection" Library Chronicle (1992) 22#3 pp 10-21
- Mary Wilke, Patricia J. Finney, and James Simon. "Colonial Latin American Resources at the Center for Research Libraries." Colonial Latin American Review 11.2 (2002): 317-323.
- Roger Macdonald, "Library Resources for Latin American Studies in the United Kingdom 25 Years after the Parry Report." Bulletin of Latin American Research 9.2 (1990): 265-269.
- Alvarez, Sonia, Arturo Arias, and Charles R. Hale. "Re-Visioning Latin American Studies." Cultural Anthropology 26, no. 2 (2011): 225-46.
- Berger,Mark R. Under Northern Eyes: Latin American Studies and U.S. Hegemony in the Americas, 1898-1990. Bloomington: Indiana University Press 1995.
- Bulmer-Thomas, Victor, ed. Thirty Years of Latin American Studies in the United Kingdom 1965-1995. London: Institute of Latin American Studies, 1997.
- Cline, Howard F. ed. Latin American History: Essays on its Study and Teaching, 1898-1965. 2 vols. Published for the Conference on Latin American History by University of Texas Press 1967.
- Cline, Howard F. "The Latin American Studies Association: A Summary Survey with Appendix," Latin American Research Review, Vol 2 No. 1, (Autumn, 1966) pp. 57-79.
- Crahan, Margaret E. "Lest We Forget: Women's Contribution to Making LASA an Organization for All Its Members by One of the First Women to Serve on the Executive Council, (1973-1975)," LASA Forum 37 (Spring 2006): 11-14.
- Delpar, Helen. Looking South: The Evolution of Latin Americanist Scholarship in the United States, 1850-1975 (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press 2008)
- Dent, David W., ed. Handbook of Political Science Research on Latin America: Trends from the 1960s to the 1990s. Westport CT: Greenwood Press 1990.
- Diégues Júnior, Manuel and Bryce Wood, eds. Social Science in Latin America. New York: Columbia University Press 1967.
- Eakin, Marshall C. "Latin American History in the United States: From Gentleman Scholars to Academic Specialists," History Teacher 31 (August 1998) 539-61.
- Hanke, Lewis, "The Development of Latin American Studies in the United States, 1939-1945," The Americas 4 (1947) 32-64.
- Kagan, Richard L., ed. Spain in America: The Origins of Hispanism in the United States. Urbana: University of Illinois Press 2002.
- Mitchell, Christopher,ed. Changing Perspectives in Latin American Studies: Insights from Six Disciplines. Stanford: Stanford University Press 1988.
- Sable, Martin, ed. Guide to the Writings of Pioneer Latinamericanists in the United States. New York: Haworth Press 1989.
- Salvatore, Ricardo D. Disciplinary Conquest: U.S. Scholars in South America, 1900–1945. Durham: Duke University Press, 2016.
- at the University of Texas's
Library Guides for Latin American Studies
- . Research Guides. Los Angeles: University of California.
- . LibGuides. USA: Duke University.
- . Library Guides. USA: Johns Hopkins University.
- . Research Guides. Coral Gables Florida: University of Miami. Archived from on 2012-02-12.
- . Research Guides. USA: University of Michigan.
- . Research Guides. USA: New York University.
- . LibGuides. Evanston, Illinois, USA: Northwestern University Library.
- . Oxford LibGuides. Oxford, UK: University of Oxford, Bodleian Libraries.
- . Princeton LibGuides. USA: Princeton University Library.
- University Libraries. . Research Guides. New Jersey, USA: Rutgers University.